Nanjing (南京), a city with a long and rich history
Emperors of several dynasties took Nanjing as their home. Some remains, like for example the wall around the city, built by emperor HongWu of the Ming-dynasty, still show their presence. Nanjing was also the home of the first president Sun Yat-Sen. After his dead Chiang Kai-Shek succeeded him and fought the Japanese. After his defeat by Mao Zhedong he fled to Taiwan.
The City Wall
A 35km long wall surrounding the old city, built by emperor HongWu in the Ming-dynasty, about 600 years ago as a defence work
The remains of the Wall of the city Jinling
Close to the Qinhuai river remains of the walls of the city Jinling are still visible. The walls were erected by king Xiongshang, king of the Chu kingdom when he established the city of Jinling as his capital in 333 BC. The city was later used by emperors of the Eastern Jin dynasty, Song dynasty, Qi dynasty, Liang kingdom and Chen dynasty as their capital
Chaotian Palace (朝天宫)
Chaotian palace is a complex of buildings, in the center of which is the Wen Temple, which was built with precious materials,
including yellow glazed tile was from Jingdezhen in Jiangxi province. It was built as an imperial palace in the Ming dynasty, and
today it is the Nanjing Municipal Museum. The site of the palace was once the Imperial Central University in Song dynasty of
Ming Xiaoling or Ming Tomb
The Xiaoling Tomb is the mausoleum of Zhu Yuanzhang or emperor Hongwu (1327 - 1398), the first emperor of the Ming dynasty, and Empress Ma
(died in 1382). The tomb was originally built in the 14th year of the Hongwu period of the Ming dynasty in 1381 and it is one of the
largest ancient imperial mausoleums remaining in China.
Xiamafang (下马坊), entering the city
In the old times people had to dismount from their horses at Xiamafang (下马坊). The gate gives access to a park nowadays
The use of astronomical instruments dates back to more than 3000 years ago. On the tops of the Purple Mountain some instruments
remain from the Ming Dynasty (1430) and are on display.
Sanshan garden (三山园)
This house, office and garden belonged to a high government official. It was given as a reward for services by the emperor. The house and
garden date back to the 19th century. It is located not far from the Fuzi Temple area and has a metro
station named after it.
Sun Yat Sen (孫逸仙), the first president of the republic of China
In 1912 Sun Yat-sen (孫逸仙), leader of the Kuomintang party, became the first president of the Republic
of China after the fall of the Qing dynasty. Sun wanted to reform China into a modern, western oriented society and introduce democracy.
The presidential palace can be found in the centre of Nanjing, a mausoleum was built in 1926 not long after his quite unexpected death. The mausoleum is built
on a peak of the purple mountain, not far from the tomb of the first Qing emperor.
After his death a Mausoleum was built on one of the tops of the Purple Mountain
The Chiang Kai Shek (蒋介石) period
After the death of Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-Shek took his position and led the Kwomintang party. Chiang Kai-Shek then lived in Nanjing together with his wife Song Meiling. When Chiang Kai-Shek had to flee from China and took refuge in Taiwan, his wife stayed in Nanjing and continued living in her house on the foot of the purple mountain. The house is now open to visitors
Song Meiling's house
Song Meiling, the wife of Chang Kai-Shek, lived in this house until she died, even after her husband left for Taiwan
Linggu Pagoda and Tan YanKai Tomb
During the time of the first republic several monuments were build. Here you will see the Linggu Pagoda and the tomb of Tan YanKai,
a prominent government official and president of the Republic of China in 1928. The Pagoda used to be a memorial tower of the
The first bridge, connecting north and south Nanjing
The first bridge, connecting north and south Nanjing, was opened in 1968 by Mao Zedong. It is a constuction of steel with two decks. The lower deck is used by trains. The landside stands are decorated with typical socialistic style sculptures, glorifying labor. Note the references to the book of Mao Zedong, the famous "red book"