Parks and gardens in and around Nanjing
Though Nanjing is a heavy industrialised area with a fast growing population, there are still many places in and around the city where you can enjoy quietness and the beauty of plant, trees and flowers. For true nature you need to travel (far) outside of Nanjing. In this chapter I will show you some of those quiet and beautiful places in and near Nanjing
Xuanwu Lake (玄武湖)
On a sunny warm day the people from Nanjing will go to Xuanwu Lake (玄武湖) for recreation. The lake is located
in Xuanwu District in the central-northeast part of Nanjing, between the Nanjing Railway Station and
Jiming Temple. Five islands within the lake are interconnected
by arched bridges. Its main entrance is the Xuanwu Gate.
Purple Mountain ( 紫金山)
A very important spot in Nanjing is the Purple Mountain, with its peaks often found enveloped in mysterious purple and golden clouds at dawn
and dusk. Purple Mountain is also referred to as "Plum Mountain", because of its plum trees and abundant blossom. The Purple Mountain is
located north east of Xuanwu Lake.
Yanque lake (燕雀湖)
At the foot of the mountain you can find small lakes like Yanque Lake. Recently a canal between the lake and the former Ming Palace (within the boundaries of the city wall) was discovered
Sakura Garden or Oriental Cherry Garden (樱花园)
Located near the tomb of emperor Zhu Yuanzhang's a garden
was created with cherry and plum trees. The garden is complemented with several buildings. The Japanese for cherry is Sakura, hence
the name of the garden.
Just outside the city wall, at the foot of Purple Mountain, a lake (Qianhu Lake, 前湖) and botanical garden can be visited
Green Expo Park
Nanjing Green Expo Park is a theme park to show green and ecological landscapes. It combines exhibition, science popularisation, environmental protection and tourism. Within the park, gardens have themes, referring to foreign countries and the Chinese provinces. The Dutch Garden (荷兰园) is one of the themes highlighted in the park
A part of the park is reserved for buildings copied from their originals in the Netherlands
In the south of the city there is a small mountain, Jiangjun Mountain, with a quite atmosphere. There are some lakes, forests and small buildings.
Ape man caves in Leigongshan Mountain
In 1995 the Ape Man Caves were opened the general public. The discovery of the Ape Man Caves in 1993 is a great archeological breakthrough after the same kind of caves was found in Yunnan, Shaanxi and Beijing. Located in Nanjing's suburb Tangshan in Leigongshan Mountain (雷公山) you can find a large group of caves. It is proven that the total area of these caves is having tens of thousands of square meters. Among the mystic caves, Leigong Cave and Hulu Cave are now opened to tourists to explore the bones and fossils of the ancient people who were born 300,000 years ago before present. The earliest history of anthropology in Nanjing area is added more than 200,000 years compared with the past discoveries. This archeological finding has also proven that Yangtze River region is one of the places of origin of the Chinese people